Definitions of other Sexual or Reproductive syndromes:<!doctype html public "-//w3c//dtd html 4.0 transitional//en">

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Androgen Insensitivity Syndrome (AIS, formerly testicular feminization):     http://www.medhelp.org/www/ais/    (Chromosomally XY) develops when fetus is insensitivity to testosterone,. They develop external anatomy that is typically female, but internal reproductive tract is not typical for either gender.

Partial AIS: Like AIS, but with reduced sensitivity to androgens. Child may partially virilize at puberty.

Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia- (CAH- or Adrenogenital Syndrome): http://www.cah.org.uk/  occurs when adrenal glands cause excessive secretion of androgens during fetal life. Genitals of female children are masculinized to a variable degree.

Intersex : (Unfortunately referred to as Disorders of Sex Development) http://www.isna.org/ includes all chromosome combinations - XX, XY and dozens of  variations. In general intersex includes anyone whose genital or reproductive anatomy does not fit the medical definition of 'normal male' or 'normal female'.

Klinefelter's Syndromehttp://www.aaksis.org/  “Genetic males”  with one or more extra X chromosomes (XXY, XXXY). 

Mayer-Rokitansky-Kuster-Hauser Syndrome (MRKH):  www.mrkh.org  Variation of female reproductive development.  MRKH often involves missing vagina, cervix, uterus and fallopian tubes in genetic females. Uterine remnants are common with people who have MRKH.

MURCS is a rare and complex version of MRKH. Not all women with MRKH have MURCS, but ALL MURCS patients have MRKH. The "MU" stands for Mullerian duct aplasia (the missing vagina / uterus: it's the MRKH part). The "R" stands for Renal Aplaisa or the kidney problems like a missing kidney, ectopic (commonly known as pelvic kidney). The "CS" stands for "Cervicothoracic Somite" association. Go to the PUBMED  link to search PUBMED for articles about MURCS.

Turner's Syndromehttp://www.turner-syndrome.org  People with Turners have one X and no Y chromosome, (XO).   Symptoms include short stature and lack of secondary sexual characteristics. TS occurs in approximately 1 of 2,000 female's born and in as many as 10% of all miscarriages.
 

Vaginal agenesis: Agenesis basically means “failure to form,”  but we don’t believe in using the word failure when describing  human development.  Vaginal agenesis is related to a number of syndromes including MRKH, AIS, CAH  and others.

 

 

 

Jan 2010