Definitions of other Sexual or Reproductive syndromes:<!doctype html public "-//w3c//dtd html 4.0 transitional//en">
Androgen Insensitivity Syndrome (AIS, formerly testicular feminization): http://www.medhelp.org/www/ais/ (Chromosomally XY) develops when fetus is insensitivity to testosterone,. They develop external anatomy that is typically female, but internal reproductive tract is not typical for either gender.
Partial AIS: Like AIS, but with reduced sensitivity to androgens. Child may partially virilize at puberty.
Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia- (CAH- or Adrenogenital Syndrome): http://www.cah.org.uk/ occurs when adrenal glands cause excessive secretion of androgens during fetal life. Genitals of female children are masculinized to a variable degree.
Intersex : (Unfortunately referred to as Disorders of Sex Development) http://www.isna.org/ includes all chromosome combinations - XX, XY and dozens of variations. In general intersex includes anyone whose genital or reproductive anatomy does not fit the medical definition of 'normal male' or 'normal female'.
Klinefelter's Syndrome: http://www.aaksis.org/ “Genetic males” with one or more extra X chromosomes (XXY, XXXY).
Mayer-Rokitansky-Kuster-Hauser Syndrome (MRKH): www.mrkh.org Variation of female reproductive development. MRKH often involves missing vagina, cervix, uterus and fallopian tubes in genetic females. Uterine remnants are common with people who have MRKH.
MURCS is a rare and complex version of MRKH. Not all women with MRKH have MURCS, but ALL MURCS patients have MRKH. The "MU" stands for Mullerian duct aplasia (the missing vagina / uterus: it's the MRKH part). The "R" stands for Renal Aplaisa or the kidney problems like a missing kidney, ectopic (commonly known as pelvic kidney). The "CS" stands for "Cervicothoracic Somite" association. Go to the PUBMED link to search PUBMED for articles about MURCS.
Turner's Syndrome: http://www.turner-syndrome.org
People with Turners have one X and no Y chromosome, (XO).
Symptoms include short stature and lack of secondary sexual characteristics. TS
occurs in approximately 1 of 2,000 female's born and
in as many as 10% of all miscarriages.
Vaginal agenesis: Agenesis basically means “failure to form,” but we don’t believe in using the word failure when describing human development. Vaginal agenesis is related to a number of syndromes including MRKH, AIS, CAH and others.